A gas-turbine power plant

A gas-turbine power plant operates on the regenerative Brayton cycle between the pressure limits of 100 and 700 kPa. Air enters the compressor at 30°C at a rate of 12.6 kg/s and leaves at 260°C. It is then heated in a regenerator to 400°C by the hot combustion gases leaving the turbine. A diesel fuel with a heating value of 42,000 kJ/kg is burned in the combustion chamber with a combustion efficiency of 97 percent. The combustion gases leave the combustion chamber at 871°C and enter the turbine whose isentropic efficiency is 85 percent. Treating combustion gases as air and using constant specific heats at 500°C, determine (a) the isentropic efficiency of the compressor, (b) the effectiveness of the regenerator, (c) the air–fuel ratio in the combustion chamber, (d) the net power output and the back work ratio, (e) the thermal efficiency, and ( f ) the second-law efficiency of the plant. Also determine (g) the second-law (exergetic) efficiencies of the compressor, the turbine, and the regenerator, and (h) the rate of the exergy flow with the combustion gases at the regenerator exit.



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