Analytic Epidemiology Custom Essay

Order Description
Required Readings
See, A. (2000). Use of Human Epidemiology Studies in Proving Causation. Defense Counsel Journal, 67 (4). Retrieved on February 21, 2013 at http://ruby.fgcu.edu/Courses/Twimberley/EpiRiskAsst/Causation.pdf
The University of Pittsburgh. (2005, March 3). Supercourse: Web of Causation; Exposure and Disease Outcomes. February 21, 2013 at: http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/lecture/lec19071/index.htm
The missed lessons of Sir Austin Bradford Hill Carl V Phillips1,2,3 and Karen J Goodman1 Epidemiol Perspect Innov. 2004; 1: 3. Retrieved February 21, 2013 from
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC524370/
CDC (2004) How to Investigate an Outbreak. Retrieved February 21, 2013 from http://www.cdc.gov/EXCITE/classroom/outbreak/objectives.htm
You have just finished a health education in-service to the community on the hazards of smoking. A representative of the tobacco industry is present at your in-service and makes the following comment regarding your presentation: "You gave a nice presentation. However, I disagree with you that smoking can cause lung cancer. There is still not enough evidence to indicate that smoking can cause cancer."
Your task is as follows:
1. Respond to his statement and indicate why there is a cause-effect relationship between smoking and lung cancer using the five criteria for causality.
2. What is your interpretation of the evidence on how smoking affects lung cancer?
Assignment Expectations, in order to earn full credit:
Please write your paper in your own words. That is the only way I can evaluate your level of understanding. Quotes are rarely needed; if necessary, they should comprise less than 10% of a paper and must be properly cited.
Even though the papers must be written in your own words, you are required to cite sources for any statement of fact or idea that is not common knowledge. You must cite the sources within the body of the paper and include a reference list at the end of the paper.
Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable source of information. Use credible, professional, and scholarly sources such as journal articles from ProQuest or EBSCO, and government, university, or nonprofit organizations Web sites.
You must clearly show that you have read the module homepage and the required background materials. You are welcome to do research in addition to — but not instead of — the required readings.
Your papers will be evaluated on the following factors:
References – citations are used within the body of the paper any time you state a fact or idea that is not common knowledge. A reference list is included at the end of the paper.
Precision – you follow all instructions and you answer each part of the assignment.
Breadth – you show broad knowledge of the module’s topic.
Depth – you go into detail to show more critical thought about the specific tasks or questions in the assignment.
Clarity – the extent to which you elaborate and include discussion or examples as asked.
Application – the extent to which you apply the information to a real-life situation related to the assignment, if asked.
Before you begin, please review this information about When to Cite Sources http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/pages/cite/
Other resources are available at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/
Apply the criteria of causality to determine whether there is a cause-effect relationship between population exposures and disease.

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