APPLYING SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY METHODS: HEALTH INEQUALITIES


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TOPIC: APPLYING SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY METHODS: HEALTH INEQUALITIES
Use the Methods in Social Epidemiology text to complete the readings about the history?essentially the beginnings of the field of social epidemiology?its methods, and how it responds to the needs of social sciences professionals. This is extremely important because for years, the major focus of epidemiology was mainly in the area of infectious diseases and those professionals who did not have a background in this area of science were essentially excluded; but now, with the field of social epidemiology, there is room for everybody.
Social epidemiology has been instrumental to study one of the major public health issues, Health Inequalities?also known as Health Disparities. Without social epidemiology, the study of this problem had been almost impossible. In this context, complete the following:
* Start your discussion by defining the concept of Health Inequalities in your own words, not a book definition, not an online definition but yours. Of course, you will need to consult books or even search online for the definition to be sure that you include the major elements of the definition, but again, the definition has to be yours.
* Once the definition is in place, write a short reflection about the problem of health disparities keeping in mind the following questions:
 Is the concept of health disparities a true concept? In other words, do health disparities really exist?
 Are health inequalities a concept that has been created by some social scholars to justify the need to support some specific groups of the population? Use your critical thinking skills to question the problem.
? Now, make a list of some health disparities found or reported in the US population.
? Make a list of general factors that may contribute to the existence of these disparities.
? How is this topic applicable in the life of every public health professional?
? Summarize your work and cite your sources.

REFERENCES:
Text:
Aschengrau, A., & Seage, G. R. (2008). Essentials of epidemiology in public health (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Oakes, J. M., & Kaufman, J. S. (Eds.). (2006). Methods in social epidemiology. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Articles
Library
The following required readings are provided to you in the University Library. Ask a Librarian for assistance with any of these resources.
Jackson, J. S., Knight, K. M., Rafferty, J. A. (2010). Race and unhealthy behaviors: Chronic stress, the HPA axis, and physical and mental health disparities over the life course. American Journal of Public Health, 100(5), 933?939.
Ness, R. B., Andrews, E. B., Gaudino, J. A., Newman, A. B., Soskolne, C. L., St?rmer, T., Wartenberg, D. E., & Weiss, S. H. (2009). The Future of Epidemiology. Academic Medicine, 84(11), 1631?1637.
Internet
These required articles are available on the Internet. Please note that URLs change frequently. While the URLs were current when this course was designed, some may no longer be valid. If you cannot access a specific link, contact your instructor for an alternative URL. Permissions for the following links have been either granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication.
Danon, L., Ford, A. P., House, T., Jewell, C. P., Keeling, M. J., Roberts,? Vernon, M. C. (2011). Networks and the epidemiology of infectious disease. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases, 2011. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3062985/?tool=pubmed
Green, L. W. (n.d.). The Precede-Proceed model of health program planning & evaluation. Retrieved from https://www.lgreen.net/precede.htm
Klein, A. (2010). 8 great public health campaigns using social media. Retrieved from https://ohmygov.com/blogs/general_news/archive/2010/02/05/8-great-public-health-campaigns-using-social-media.aspx
Lawlor, D. A. (2004). Commentary: The art and science of epidemiology: Governed by the seasons?. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33(1), 144?146. Retrieved from https://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/1/144.full
Roberts, H. (2000). What works in reducing inequalities in child health? ? Summary. Retrieved from https://www.barnardos.org.uk/wwhealth.pdf
Web Sites
Please note that URLs change frequently. While the URLs were current when this course was designed, some may no longer be valid. If you cannot access a specific link, contact your instructor for an alternative URL. Permissions for the following links have been either granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). Working with communities for environmental health. Retrieved from https://www2a.cdc.gov/phtn/envedu/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Adults with asthma: Hospital inpatients. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/asthma/interventions/adults_hospital_inpatients.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). CDC widgets. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/widgets/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Coalition development. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/HIV/topics/funding/PS09-906/resources/sid/category_b.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). CDC ? National center for health statistics. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/index.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). CDC A?Z index. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/az/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Centers for disease control and prevention. Retrieved from https://cdc.gov/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Emerging infectious diseases. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Epi info. Retrieved from https://wwwn.cdc.gov/epiinfo/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Preventing chronic disease: Public health research, practice and policy. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). CDC emergency text messages. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/widgets/SMS/alt/index.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Precede-Proceed planning model. Retrieved from https://www2a.cdc.gov/phtn/envedu/Precede-Proceed_Model2.pdf
Gideon Informatics. (2011). GIDEON ? Global infectious diseases and epidemiology network. Retrieved from https://www.gideononline.com/
Institute for Clinical and Translational Science. (2009). The 9 principles of the community-based participatory research model. Retrieved from https://www.icts.uiowa.edu/content/9-principles-community-based-participatory-research-model
OhMyGov. (2011). OhMyGov!. Retrieved from https://ohmygov.com/
U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d). Census bureau home page. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/
U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). American factFinder. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2011). Healthy people 2020 ? Improving the health of Americans. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/default.aspx
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). United States department of health and human services. Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/
WHO Collaborating Center University of Pittsburgh. (2011). Supercourse ? Epidemiology, the Internet, and global health. Retrieved from https://www.pitt.edu/~super1/index.htm
WHO. (2011). World health organization. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/en/
Optional
The following optional materials are offered to provide you with a better understanding of the topics in this course. These materials are not required to complete the course.
Optional Articles
Use Journal Locator to see if the library has access to the full text of an article. If the full text is not available, try using Interlibrary Loan to obtain a copy. You will receive interlibrary loan articles in 3?5 business days. Ask a Librarian for assistance.
Internet
Tauxe, R. V. (2001). My life in medicine: Practicing the science of epidemiology and the art of public health. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice, 10(5), 241?248. Retrieved from https://journals.lww.com/infectdis/Fulltext/2001/06000/My_Life_in_Medicine__Practicing_the_Science_of.2.aspx

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