Contamination of Recreational Beach Waters in Urban Areas


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Sewage and urban runoff can reach the coastline in crowded urban areas. To protect the health of swimmers from fecal contamination at beaches, public health officials routinely monitor the coastal waters for indicator organisms bacteria, such as fecal Coliform and Enterococcus. These organisms are naturally found in the intestines of warm blooded organisms, and so when they are detected in beach water it means that there is probably fecal contamination. While the indicators used to monitor beaches are bacteria, the actual disease causing organisms (called “pathogens”) are often viruses or even parasites. In this assignment, you are an environmental health inspector charged with the responsibility to sample beach water, after a storm, to inform the public, and particularly surfers. You also Also, you will need to make decisions about whether to close the beach or not. Write a 2-3 page paper in which you do the following: 1. Describe the types of illnesses that can be caused by contaminated recreational beach waters. 2. Identify the challenges in monitoring and managing beach waters to protect the public, and particularly surfers, in a timely manner (hint: discuss the timeliness of water test results). 3. Describe the types of warning information that you would make available to the public regarding the safety of swimming at the beach. Base your answer on the general practices of public health departments. Seperate each question as question1, 2, and 3
Sample Paper
Contamination of Recreational Beach Waters in Urban Areas
Abstract
In crowded urban areas contamination of recreational beach waters is quite evident. This is mainly through improper disposal of waste, and in particular sewage and urban runoff. This is brought by lack of enough toilets and or latrines and other waste disposal facilities. There are various types of illnesses that are caused by use of such contaminated water. To protect the health of swimmers from fecal contamination at beaches, public health officials routinely monitor beach waters for indicator disease causing organisms referred. However, there are challenges faced with managing and monitoring of recreational beach waters. But such challenges can be overcome by providing some warning information to the users of beach waters. QUESTION 1 According to Blackwell et al (1996), types of illnesses that can be caused by contaminated recreational beach waters include: Acute febrile respiratory illness, Ear, Eye and Skin ailments. Swimming in bacterial contaminated waters could result in gastrointestinal symptoms, eye infections, skin complaints…ORDER NOW…http://unimasteressays.com/order/

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