Peak Experiences


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Part 1:
Peak Experiences
Maslow wrote that the concept of peak experience is an important aspect of self-actualization and development. Describe the most wonderful experience of your childhood and explain how it influenced your own development.
Journal Options:
a. Written reflection journal.( One page)
Part 2
Concept Summary: Approaches to Developmental Theory Approach Representative Theorist Main Underlying Model Major Assumptions(theoretical beliefs)Key Terms
Psychoanalytic Freud Organismic Individual is motivated by instinctual urges that are primarily sexual and aggressive. Id, ego, superego,psycho sexual, fixation,regression
Erikson Organismic Child progresses through stages by adapting to the socio cultural environment. Competence,developmental tasks,psycho social
Behavioristic Pavlov,Watson Mechanistic Child learns through conditioning of reflexive behaviors. Reflex, conditioned stimulus and response
Skinner Mechanistic/Organismic Changes in behavior are a function of reinforcement and punishment. Reinforcement,punishment, shaping
Bandura Contextual/Organismic Observational learning leads to developmental change; our ability to anticipate the consequences of our behavior is fundamental. Imitation, self-efficacy,social/cognitive,reciprocal determinism
Cognitive Piaget Organismic Child develops cognitive skills through active interaction with the environment. Stages, assimilation,accommodation,equilibration
Information Processing Mechanistic/organismic/Contextual Development is a process of learning to represent, process,store, and retrieve information. Memory, perception,thinking, symbolic representation,computer models
Biological Ecological Approaches Bowlby Organismic Social behaviors have a biological basis understandable in evolutionary terms. Attachment bonds, imprinting, sensitive period
Vygotsky Organismic/Contextual Human development is highly dependent on culture and language. Culture, language, zoneo f proximal growth,scaffolding
Bronfenbrenner Organismic/Contextual Development results from a complex series of interactions and accommodations between a person and the systems in which the person is embedded. Micro-, meso-, exo-, macro-, and chronosystem
Dynamic Systems The len Organismic/Contextual A change in any part of the system(mind, body,environment) leads to disequilibrium,readjustment, and growth Integrated systems,interactions, dynamism Stability/instability Humanistic Maslow Organismic/Contextual All individuals are unique and whole,and strive toward the fullest development of their potential.Meta- and basic needs,self-actualization, peak experiences
Assignment: Theory Summary
Directions: Using the concept summary above, fill in the blanks for each of the developmental theories. Provide examples from your own experience or the textbook in the last column. Next describe your ideal theory of child development, combining the elements that you believe would encapsulate your own beliefs and experiences
Approach Theorist Underlying Model Theoretical Beliefs/Assumptions Key Terms Example
Humanistic
Behavioristic
Cognitive
Biological Ecological Approaches
Dynamic Systems
Psychoanalytic
Your Ideal Theory

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