social education

Question 1

  1. The Oklahoma Marriage Initiative:
    offers skill-based courses or motivational programs to couples and individuals that support traditional marriage
    bans divorce in almost all cases except infidelity or violence
    is extremely unpopular in Oklahoma and most people oppose it
    encourages covenant marriage in Oklahoma
    supporters are outraged that money intended to held sick women and children is being diverted to promote marriage

1 points

Question 2

  1. Your mom and dad are approaching retirement age. What would you tell them about sex differences in retirement?
    Women begin planning for retirement earlier than men.
    The process of retiring is associated with a decrease in marital quality for women but not for men.
    Conflicts are most likely to arise when both spouses retire at the same time, rather than one retiring while the other continues working.
    Men are more satisfied with retirement than are women.
    Part-time employment is linked to retirement satisfaction for both men and women.

1 points

Question 3

  1. Some family allowances supplement the incomes of poor and modest income families with children as a means of reducing or preventing poverty. This is referred to as:
    horizontal equity
    equality principle
    strengthening labor force attachment
    vertical equity
    tax equity

1 points

Question 4

  1. By 2009, about 49 percent of married mothers, 55 percent of single mothers, and 70 percent of divorced, separated, or widowed mothers were employed for pay.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 5

  1. A ________ is a place where child care is provided in a nonresidential facility.
    day care center
    family child care provider
    nanny
    primary center
    tertiary center

1 points

Question 6

  1. Xuan and Suong have different opinions about how to discipline their children, ages 6 and 8. Xuan believes that you should never spank children, but Suong sees spanking as an appropriate punishment when their children misbehave. This difference is causing conflict in their marriage. What type of conflict are they experiencing?
    regulated conflict
    unregulated conflict
    ego conflict
    value conflict
    violent conflict

1 points

Question 7

  1. The transition to parenthood:
    is surprisingly easy to most new parents
    is innate
    is surprisingly difficult
    is easy for mothers but not for fathers
    is similar for men and women because they tend to think about babies in similar ways and analyze their thoughts so that they fit the image of “good” mothers and fathers

1 points

Question 8

  1. Hispanics have the lowest rates of marriage because they value marriage less than do other racial or ethnic groups.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 9

  1. Nils lives in a country that has a family allowance to accomplish an important objective: horizontal equity. This means:
    supplementing the incomes of poor and most low-income families with children to prevent poverty
    benefits are only available to working families with children, or a higher benefit is given to working parents
    allowances foster societal cohesion
    families only get benefits if their child receives full immunizations, thereby encouraging preventive health care
    the redistribution of income from childless households to families with children, in recognition of the heavier financial burden imposed by childrearing

1 points

Question 10

  1. Second and subsequent marriages are ___________ to end in divorce as compared to first marriages.
    more
    less
    equally likely

1 points

Question 11

  1. One of the recent trends around the world, according to Bert Adams, is that there is a decline in the value parents place on obedience to parental authority, and more emphasis placed on children’s independence and personal responsibility.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 12

  1. What does the World Health Organization think about the C-section rate in the United States?
    It says that many are medically unnecessary, potentially dangerous, and do not improve infant or maternal mortality statistics.
    It is happy to report that the rate of C-sections has declined for the first time in 20 years.
    It uses the U.S. as a model because lots of other countries have many Cesarean births that are medically unnecessary and do not improve infant or mortality statistics.
    They note that the number of C-sections has stabilized while birth outcomes have improved.
    Actually, no accurate records are kept for the World Health Organization.

1 points

Question 13

  1. Children who live with their grandparents seem to have higher rates of poverty and other problems in what types of contexts?
    children who live with their grandparents, and their parents are absent
    children who live with their grandparents, and their parents are present
    children who live with a single grandmother, and their parents are present
    children who live with a single grandfather, and their parents are present

1 points

Question 14

  1. What are some of the characteristics of grandparents who take care of their grandchildren?
    There are multiple problems in the homes of the grandchildren’s parents that led the grandparents to take over the care; the most common problem was physical abuse.
    When grandparents began to care for their grandchild, they assumed it would be temporary, but most later realized that they would probably be the caregiver until the child reached adulthood.
    Coresident grandmothers outnumber coresident grandfathers by 10 to 1.
    The majority of grandparents raising their grandchildren are over the age of 70.
    Grandchildren who are raised by their grandparents are less likely to live in poverty than are other children.

1 points

Question 15

  1. What perspective provides a synthesis of macro-level and micro-level factors?
    patriarchy
    stress
    family privacy
    the intergenerational transmission of violence
    power and control

1 points

Question 16

  1. The reason the world’s population is aging so quickly is that people are living longer and fewer babies are being born.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 17

  1. Japanese law disregards the rights of noncustodial parents to see their children after a divorce.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 18

  1. Beginning in 1977, states began to amend their laws so that couples can claim that they have irreconcilable differences rather than blame one another, which is called a normless divorce.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 19

  1. Gender-based violence is an important issue in the U.S. and other developed nations, but it is not really an international human rights issue yet.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 20

  1. Alain and Lili are a couple who use communication to promote closeness and intimacy, and who try to use constructive comments even during arguments. They are an example of a/an__________.
    regulated couple
    overtly misregulated couple
    nonregulated couple
    deregulated couple
    subregulated couple

1 points

Question 21

  1. Which is true regarding initiatives to limit divorce?
    An increasing number of Americans believe that society would be better off if divorce were harder to get.
    About two-thirds of Americans believe that parents ought to stay together if they have children.
    Fifteen states offer covenant marriage.
    Less than one-quarter of Americans believe that premarital counseling is important to making a marriage successful.
    About half of the states have eliminated the provision of no-fault divorce.

1 points

Question 22

  1. According to the opening vignette of Chapter 8, women who have unhappy marriages in Canada can get a divorce within three days.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 23

  1. Regarding early childhood education and care (ECEC):
    it enhances and supports children’s cognitive, social, and emotional well-being, and is found in all 50 states
    in a report reviewing 12 countries, parents only paid about 50 percent of ECEC costs, compared to about 80 percent in the U.S
    most of the 12 countries reviewed have full coverage for children age 3-6, and some countries begin programs as early as age 1 or 2
    childcare workers in the U.S. earn less money than do workers in the other countries, but they are better trained
    the U.S. is a leader in research on child development, and has developed many innovative programs that others around the world would like to model

1 points

Question 24

  1. Which is a component of the Family Medical Leave Act?
    It allows 6 weeks of paid time off to have a baby or to care for an immediate family member with a specified medical condition.
    It allows 6 weeks of paid time off to have a baby vaginally, or 12 weeks for a Cesarean section, but it does not cover any other conditions.
    It is only eligible for people who work in businesses with over 5 people, and the employee must have worked full-time for 2 years.
    It requires employers with over 50 employees to provide 12 weeks of unpaid leave to employees to care for themselves or their immediate family with specified medical conditions.
    It allows for 6 weeks of paid leave, and then 52 weeks of unpaid leave, to employees to care for themselves or their family with specified medical conditions, but the employee must have worked full-time for 3 years.

1 points

Question 25

  1. Which country has the least generous maternity and family leave policies?
    Bangladesh
    India
    Nigeria
    U.S.
    Spain

1 points

Question 26

  1. According to World Map 9.1, much of Africa and South America have a total fertility rate of 5.0 and over.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 27

  1. What is the effect of mother’s employment on child well-being?
    The effects of employment are usually found to be quite positive.
    The effects of employment are usually found to be quite negative.
    The effects of employment are usually mixed and contradictory because researchers only report what supports their opinions.
    It largely depends on the quality of the child care program.
    The effects of employment on boys are usually found to be negative, but the effects on girls are usually found to be more positive.

1 points

Question 28

  1. Medicare:
    is the health insurance program that serves poor persons, regardless of age, but covers the long-term care services of many elderly
    was created in the 1930s during the New Deal after the Depression
    is structured so that the elderly spend very little out of their own pockets–only about $500 a year on average
    is an example of the uniquely American inconsistency in health care that is found in no other developed nation
    covers so many conditions and does it so inexpensively that very few elders have some additional form of insurance

1 points

Question 29

  1. Human trafficking is the illegal and highly profitable business of recruitment, transport, or sale of human beings into forced labor and servitude.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 30

  1. Researchers track the degree of impairment that elders face in things such as bathing, dressing, eating, or walking indoors by using a common set of measures called:
    activities of daily living (ADL)
    informal care
    long-term care scale
    formal care
    dementia

1 points

Question 31

  1. There are several explanations for the added risk of children in stepfamilies, according to the text. Which is NOT one of them?
    stressful transitions
    economic deprivation
    more limited social capital
    parents’ investment in new relationship rather than their children
    children being teased and bullied at school

1 points

Question 32

  1. Alice Rossi suggests why the transition to parenthood can be so challenging. Which is NOT one of her reasons?
    Pronatalist sentiment may pressure people to become parents even when they may not want to or be ready to be parents.
    Most people, as they remember their own childhoods, are surprised to find that being a parent is quite different from being a child.
    Most parents have little or no prior experience in child care.
    Becoming a parent is abrupt, unlike other roles.
    Complex changes must occur in the couple’s relationship, and activities become more instrumental.

1 points

Question 33

  1. As industrialization took hold, poor children often worked with their parents in dangerous factories, textile mills, canneries, and mines.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 34

  1. Which of the following is true with respect to stepfamilies?
    Children in stepfamilies do nearly as well as children in biological two-parent families.
    Remarriage and stepfamilies are usually seen as positive events by children.
    Stepfamilies have been called a “normless norm” because they are very common, yet the expectations, obligations, and rules are vague and confusing.
    Children in stepfamilies tend to earn lower grades in school than children from two-parent biological families, but there are no differences in rates of depression or emotional problems.
    Remarriage involves many stressful changes and potential conflicts for children, but far fewer for the adults.

1 points

Question 35

  1. The two World Maps indicate that most regions of the world are aging rapidly except for Africa.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 36

  1. Population statistics reflect both fertility rates and death rates.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 37

  1. With respect to dementia:
    it is the most common form of Alzheimer’s disease
    Alzheimer’s disease is declining because doctors now can reverse it if caught early enough
    it affects about l million elderly
    it affects people primarily older than age 75, and it comes on quickly
    it includes a decline in memory and in some cognitive abilities

1 points

Question 38

  1. Huong believes that much of our domestic violence is related to the fact that we live in a culture that seems to glorify violence in general, including on television, in sports, and in everyday language. Huong is probably a believer in which theoretical explanation of violence among intimates?
    cultural norms support violence
    patriarchy
    family privacy
    the intergenerational transmission of violence
    stress

1 points

Question 39

  1. The power and control perspective:
    focuses on micro-level factors
    ignores many of the unique features of same-sex relationships
    explains child abuse more so than intimate partner violence
    is a component of the Conflict Tactics Scale
    is another name for the intergenerational transmission of violence

1 points

Question 40

  1. The one-child policy in China is both praised and condemned around the world.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 41

  1. Tamara and Elliott are at a party and they decide this is the perfect place to conduct their sociology experiment for their research paper. They want to know if there are any differences in communication styles by sex. In their observation that night they probably witnessed all of the following EXCEPT:
    women tended to smile more often and express a wider range of emotions
    women did the most talking and interrupted more often
    women use more qualifiers, e.g., “somewhat; kind of; I guess”
    men initiated topics more often
    men told more jokes

1 points

Question 42

  1. A growing movement that emphasizes tougher laws, more stringent enforcement of laws, training programs for those who work with victims and perpetrators, and a well coordinated effort to offer victims the protection and services they need is called:
    zero tolerance
    one step at a time
    violent resistance
    trafficking
    victim-focused strategy

1 points

Question 43

  1. Zero tolerance refers to:
    a micro-level explanation for violence among intimates
    a growing movement that emphasizes tougher laws, more stringent enforcement of laws, training programs for those who work with victims and perpetrators, and a well coordinated effort to offer victims the protection and services they need
    a macro-level explanation for violence among intimates
    a movement spearheaded by lesbians to educate people about same-sex violence
    a movement spearheaded by men to educate people about women’s violence towards men.

1 points

Question 44

  1. With respect to social class differences in communication:
    the working class is more likely to use SAE
    the middle class uses more words of simple coordination such as “like” or “but” and uses fewer pronouns
    President Obama sometimes “breaks code”
    people with different levels of education communicate differently, but few differences have been noted by income or occupational prestige
    the middle class tends to use more AAE than does the working class

1 points

Question 45

  1. Socialization refers to the lifelong process through which we acquire the cultural values and skills needed to function as human beings and to participate in society.

    True

    False

1 points

Question 46

  1. A family allowance (or a child allowance):
    is a universal cash benefit given to families with children to offset some of the costs associated with raising children
    was begun in many European countries as early as the beginning of the 18th century
    was created in the U.S. in the 1960s, alongside Medicare, the health program for the elderly
    is found in about 33 countries around the world
    is structured differently in different countries, but is generally extended to children from the time of birth until they begin elementary school

1 points

Question 47

  1. Largely because of cost, Bobby, age 11, comes home and takes care of himself after school until his parents come home around 5:30. This is called:
    ECEC
    family care
    social insecurity
    nonstandard work schedule
    self-care

1 points

Question 48

  1. Which of the following about long-term care is TRUE?
    The majority of elders in the U.S. rely on formal care, most commonly a nursing home.
    Meals on Wheels, nursing homes, and housecleaning services for the elderly are examples of formal care.
    The sandwich generation refers to caring for a frail elderly person while you are also employed full-time.
    One study of gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender adults aged 50 and over living in New York found that almost half of them were providing (or had recently provided) caregiving assistance, but most believe that they are called on less often than their siblings because of their sexual orientation.
    Caregivers generally find caring for a frail elderly to be a labor of love, and only about 10-20 percent report emotional strain or depression because of it.

1 points

Question 49

  1. ECEC is:
    a tax program to help families find and keep employment
    the title of a maternity leave program found in Sweden
    child care that is provided in a private home other than the child’s home
    a theory that explains the division of household labor
    an international term for day care, preschool, and other programs to ensure that all children begin elementary school ready to learn

1 points

Question 50

  1. ________ are families in which one or both of the adult partners has at least one child, either residing with them or elsewhere.
    Parents without partners
    Joint families
    Remarried families
    Stepfamilies
    Refined families

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