Voting Rights Acts


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TOPIC to be worked on this assignment is question number; 3: A. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 and Voting Rights today: Detail the significance and purpose of the VR Act of 1965, and discuss the recent Supreme Court decision, Shelby County v. Holder. You will also need to discuss what challenges are arising today in an effort to limit voter enfranchisement.
PLEASE USE THE DOCUMENTARIES IN THE GUIDELINES AS SOURCES
AND ALSO PLEASE USE THESE AS SOURCES TOO:
Annotated Bibliography:
Alger, Dan. “Voting by Proxy,” Public Choice, 126(1/2), Jan., 2006, pp. 1-26.
The article focuses on the improvement of voting procedures as one of the key issues that can provide the US citizens with larger opportunities to enhance the representation through voting and election of their political representatives. The article explores the mechanism of voting and offers plausible solutions that can enhance the voting procedure technically. The author offers voting by proxy as the best option to vote and insists that such model of voting is more effective than conventional voting used in the US.
Cole Angela P. and Ewart A. C. Thomas. “Group Differences in Fairness Perceptions and Decision Making in Voting Rights Cases,” Law and Human Behavior, 30(5), Oct., 2006, pp. 543-560.
The authors of the article focus on the analysis of different voting rights cases. The article uncovers the risk of biases that persisted in many cases but which were steadily eliminated through the enhancement of the voting legislation by the Voting Right Act of 1965. The authors point out that decisions made by courts were often taken by judges, who were white males and who represented the middle-class. As a result, there was a risk that interests and rights of minorities could be left aside. The researchers study different court rulings and cases, which reveal substantial group differences and views on fairness of the voting legislation and rights. Nevertheless, the authors recognize the emerging trend to the elimination of discrimination in legal cases since 1965.
Hall, Simon. “Civil Rights Activism in 1960s Virginia,” Journal of Black Studies, 38(2), Nov., 2007, pp. 251-267.
The author of the article conducts the analysis of the emergence of civil rights activism in the 1960s in Virginia. In this regard, the author pays a particular attention to the impact of the Voting Right Act of 1965 on the civil rights activism in Virginia. The article helps to understand practical aspects of the implementation of provisions of the Voting Right Act at the state level. In this regard, the mechanism of the application of provisions of Section 5 and Section 4b was described by the author in details that is very important in light of debates concerning these provisions in 2006, when the amendments to the act were introduced. At the same time, the article reveals challenges civil rights activists confronted before the implementation of the act in 1965 and after. The author reveals that the position of voters in Virginia has improved consistently since 1965 and civil rights activists obtained an effective legal tool with the help of which they could protect rights of minorities and other groups of voters that could have faced discrimination in their voting right.
Loretta E. Bass and Lynne M. Casper. “Differences in Registering and Voting between Native-Born and Naturalized Americans,” Population Research and Policy Review, 20(6), Dec., 2001, pp. 483-511.
The article discusses the problem of differences in registering and voting between native-born and naturalized Americans. The authors of the article raise the problem of the discrimination of naturalized Americans compared to native-born ones in terms of registration and voting. The authors discuss legal issues that arise in the course of the registration and voting and stress the importance of elimination of difference between the US citizens, regardless of the mechanism of their coming into the citizenship.
Terrie, E. Walter. “Several Recent Supreme Court Decisions and Their Implications for Political Redistricting in Voting Rights Act Context,” Population Research and Policy Review, 15(5/6), Dec., 1996, pp. 565-578.
The article focuses on the Supreme Court decisions concerning voting rights of the US citizens. The article uncovers existing gaps in the voting legislation and the impact of court’s rulings on the voting legislation. In fact, the article helps to understand the evolution and development of the US voting legislation in the 1990s.
Yuval, Fany and Kaisa Herne. “Sophisticated Behavior under Majoritarian and Non-Majoritarian Voting Procedures,” Political Behavior, 27(3), Sep., 2005, pp. 217-237.
The authors of the article focus on the analysis of different voting procedures comparing and contrasting majoritarian and non-majoritarian voting procedures. They conduct the detailed analysis of each system uncovering their strengths and weaknesses. The article helps to understand benefits of each voting procedure and gives insights toward possible improvements of voting procedures in the US.
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