Wiley

Which of the following is a role of the placenta in embryonic development?

It allows the passage of nutrients from the mother to the fetus.
It allows the passage of waste from the fetus to the mother.
It allows the passage of oxygen from the mother to the fetus.
All of the choices are roles of the placenta.

Which nutrient’s needs are increased the most during pregnancy?

Protein
Fiber
Water
Carbohydrate

A baby is affected by gestational diabetes in the following ways EXCEPT:

The growing fetus receives more glucose
The growing fetus receives fewer calories
The growing fetus is at risk for a difficulty delivery
The growing fetus is at risk for being large for gestational age

The early embryo (before 5 weeks of age) gets nourished by

absorbing nutrients for the bloodstream of the mother (the bloodstream of the embryo mixes with the bloodstream of the mother).
breaking down the lining of the uterus.
transferring of nutrients from the placenta.
none of these.

Based on the information presented in this visual, why is a folate deficiency most critical during the embryonic period?

A folate deficiency is most critical during this period because vitamin B12 tends to be low during this time.
A folate deficiency is most critical during this period because iron stores in the mother have been depleted.
A folate deficiency is most critical due to the rapid cell division occurring during this period.
None of these are correct reasons.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) are added as supplements to fortify infant formulas. These fatty acids are added because of which potential benefits?

 

Teeth and skull development
Brain and retina development
Blood cell and immune system development
Heart and cartilage development

Which of the following can be found in breast milk but not infant formula?

 

  Vitamin D
Calcium
Antibodies
Iron

The recommended distribution range of fat intake is _____ for 1- to 3-year-olds than for adults.

the same
lower
  higher
dependent upon whether the child was breastfed or not

Candice is trying to eat healthier. Which substitution would be an example of a healthier decision?

Baked potato rather than French fries
  Nachos with cheese sauce rather than nachos with bean dip
Meatball sub rather than a turkey sub
Glazed doughnut rather than an English muffin with jam

Which of the following statements is correct?

At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a higher lean body mass and greater amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state
At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a lower lean body mass and greater amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state
At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a lower lean body mass and lower amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state
  At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a higher lean body mass and a lower amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state

Children’s energy and protein requirements __________ as they age.

Decrease
Remain the same
  Increase
Vary depending on the child

Older adults should consume a diet that is _______ in protein relative to calories as compared to that of younger adults.

  higher
lower
similar

Which is the primary cause of food-borne illness?

Mercury
  Microbes
Lead
Prions

Why are nitrites allowed in some foods even though they may form carcinogenic nitrosamines in the digestive tract?

Because they taste good.
  Because they prevent botulism.
Because they improve the nutritional quality of the food.
Because they improve the food’s texture.

Pregnant woman need to eat high quality protein like fish; however, they:

should limit fish consumption of certain fish such as cod and salmon due to the increased risk of mercury contamination
  should limit fish consumption of certain fish such as swordfish, shark, and tile fish due to the increased risk of mercury contamination
should limit all fish consumption because of the risk of mercury contamination in certain species of fish
do not need to limit their fish consumption

Because _____ can be contaminated with botulism spores, it should never be fed to infants under 1 year of age.

  cow’s milk
eggs
  honey
strawberries

The groundwater has been contaminated by an industrial pollutant. Which of the following animals will have the greatest concentrations of the pollutants?

  Large fish
Microscopic animals
Small marine animals
Water plants

All of the following are correct about food insecurity EXCEPT

  it is characterized by a widespread lack of food often due to a disaster.
it can result in protein-energy malnutrition.
it occurs when food is not distributed equitably.
it can lead to individual nutrient deficiencies.

Which of the following is true of under-nutrition?

Nutrient deficiencies lead to increased susceptibility to infections in childhood only
Nutrient deficiencies lead to decreased susceptibility to infections in childhood only
  Nutrient deficiencies lead to increased susceptibility to infections in childhood and adulthood
Nutrient deficiencies lead to decreased susceptibility to infections in childhood and adulthood

In some cultures, the amount of food available to certain individuals is based on

age and gender.
birth order and genetic endowments.
educational level and control of income.
  Each of these could contribute to the amount of food available to family members.

All of the following are advantages of organic farming as compared to conventional farming EXCEPT:

fewer pollutants are released into the environment.
  higher crop yields.
increased biological diversity of crops.
reduced use of agricultural chemicals.

Golden rice is a genetically modified variety of rice developed to provide _______ to populations in which this deficiency is prevalent.

calcium
iodine
iron
  vitamin A

 

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